Source code for formtools.wizard.views

import re
from collections import OrderedDict

from django import forms
from django.core.exceptions import SuspiciousOperation
from django.forms import formsets
from django.shortcuts import redirect
from django.urls import reverse
from django.utils.decorators import classonlymethod
from django.utils.translation import gettext as _
from django.views.generic import TemplateView

from .forms import ManagementForm
from .storage import get_storage
from .storage.exceptions import NoFileStorageConfigured

def normalize_name(name):
    Converts camel-case style names into underscore separated words. Example::

        >>> normalize_name('oneTwoThree')
        >>> normalize_name('FourFiveSix')

    new = re.sub('(((?<=[a-z])[A-Z])|([A-Z](?![A-Z]|$)))', '_\\1', name)
    return new.lower().strip('_')

class StepsHelper:

    def __init__(self, wizard):
        self._wizard = wizard

    def __dir__(self):
        return self.all

    def __len__(self):
        return self.count

    def __repr__(self):
        return '<StepsHelper for %s (steps: %s)>' % (self._wizard, self.all)

    def all(self):
        "Returns the names of all steps/forms."
        return list(self._wizard.get_form_list())

    def count(self):
        "Returns the total number of steps/forms in this the wizard."
        return len(self.all)

    def current(self):
        Returns the current step. If no current step is stored in the
        storage backend, the first step will be returned.
        return or self.first

    def first(self):
        "Returns the name of the first step."
        return self.all[0]

    def last(self):
        "Returns the name of the last step."
        return self.all[-1]

    def next(self):
        "Returns the next step."
        return self._wizard.get_next_step()

    def prev(self):
        "Returns the previous step."
        return self._wizard.get_prev_step()

    def index(self):
        "Returns the index for the current step."
        return self._wizard.get_step_index()

    def step0(self):
        return int(self.index)

    def step1(self):
        return int(self.index) + 1

[docs]class WizardView(TemplateView): """ The WizardView is used to create multi-page forms and handles all the storage and validation stuff. The wizard is based on Django's generic class based views. """ storage_name = None form_list = None initial_dict = None instance_dict = None condition_dict = None template_name = 'formtools/wizard/wizard_form.html' def __repr__(self): return '<%s: forms: %s>' % (self.__class__.__name__, self.form_list)
[docs] @classonlymethod def as_view(cls, *args, **kwargs): """ This method is used within to create unique wizardview instances for every request. We need to override this method because we add some kwargs which are needed to make the wizardview usable. """ initkwargs = cls.get_initkwargs(*args, **kwargs) return super().as_view(**initkwargs)
@classmethod def get_initkwargs(cls, form_list=None, initial_dict=None, instance_dict=None, condition_dict=None, *args, **kwargs): """ Creates a dict with all needed parameters for the form wizard instances * `form_list` - is a list of forms. The list entries can be single form classes or tuples of (`step_name`, `form_class`). If you pass a list of forms, the wizardview will convert the class list to (`zero_based_counter`, `form_class`). This is needed to access the form for a specific step. * `initial_dict` - contains a dictionary of initial data dictionaries. The key should be equal to the `step_name` in the `form_list` (or the str of the zero based counter - if no step_names added in the `form_list`) * `instance_dict` - contains a dictionary whose values are model instances if the step is based on a ``ModelForm`` and querysets if the step is based on a ``ModelFormSet``. The key should be equal to the `step_name` in the `form_list`. Same rules as for `initial_dict` apply. * `condition_dict` - contains a dictionary of boolean values or callables. If the value of for a specific `step_name` is callable it will be called with the wizardview instance as the only argument. If the return value is true, the step's form will be used. """ kwargs.update({ 'initial_dict': ( initial_dict or kwargs.pop('initial_dict', getattr(cls, 'initial_dict', None)) or {} ), 'instance_dict': ( instance_dict or kwargs.pop('instance_dict', getattr(cls, 'instance_dict', None)) or {} ), 'condition_dict': ( condition_dict or kwargs.pop('condition_dict', getattr(cls, 'condition_dict', None)) or {} ) }) form_list = form_list or kwargs.pop('form_list', getattr(cls, 'form_list', None)) or [] computed_form_list = OrderedDict() assert len(form_list) > 0, 'at least one form is needed' # walk through the passed form list for i, form in enumerate(form_list): if isinstance(form, (list, tuple)): # if the element is a tuple, add the tuple to the new created # sorted dictionary. computed_form_list[str(form[0])] = form[1] else: # if not, add the form with a zero based counter as unicode computed_form_list[str(i)] = form # walk through the new created list of forms for form in computed_form_list.values(): if issubclass(form, formsets.BaseFormSet): # if the element is based on BaseFormSet (FormSet/ModelFormSet) # we need to override the form variable. form = form.form # check if any form contains a FileField, if yes, we need a # file_storage added to the wizardview (by subclassing). for field in form.base_fields.values(): if (isinstance(field, forms.FileField) and not hasattr(cls, 'file_storage')): raise NoFileStorageConfigured( "You need to define 'file_storage' in your " "wizard view in order to handle file uploads." ) # build the kwargs for the wizardview instances kwargs['form_list'] = computed_form_list return kwargs
[docs] def get_prefix(self, request, *args, **kwargs): # TODO: Add some kind of unique id to prefix return normalize_name(self.__class__.__name__)
def get_form_list(self): """ This method returns a form_list based on the initial form list but checks if there is a condition method/value in the condition_list. If an entry exists in the condition list, it will call/read the value and respect the result. (True means add the form, False means ignore the form) The form_list is always generated on the fly because condition methods could use data from other (maybe previous forms). """ form_list = OrderedDict() if getattr(self, '_check_cond_started', False): # Guard against infinite recursion, in the case a get_form_list is # called in the context of a condition() call. return self.form_list self._check_cond_started = True for form_key, form_class in self.form_list.items(): # try to fetch the value from condition list, by default, the form # gets passed to the new list. condition = self.condition_dict.get(form_key, True) if callable(condition): # call the value if needed, passes the current instance. condition = condition(self) if condition: form_list[form_key] = form_class del self._check_cond_started return form_list def dispatch(self, request, *args, **kwargs): """ This method gets called by the routing engine. The first argument is `request` which contains a `HttpRequest` instance. The request is stored in `self.request` for later use. The storage instance is stored in ``. After processing the request using the `dispatch` method, the response gets updated by the storage engine (for example add cookies). """ # add the storage engine to the current wizardview instance self.prefix = self.get_prefix(request, *args, **kwargs) = get_storage( self.storage_name, self.prefix, request, getattr(self, 'file_storage', None), ) self.steps = StepsHelper(self) response = super().dispatch(request, *args, **kwargs) # update the response (e.g. adding cookies) return response def get(self, request, *args, **kwargs): """ This method handles GET requests. If a GET request reaches this point, the wizard assumes that the user just starts at the first step or wants to restart the process. The data of the wizard will be resetted before rendering the first step """ # reset the current step to the first step. = self.steps.first return self.render(self.get_form()) def post(self, *args, **kwargs): """ This method handles POST requests. The wizard will render either the current step (if form validation wasn't successful), the next step (if the current step was stored successful) or the done view (if no more steps are available) """ # Look for a wizard_goto_step element in the posted data which # contains a valid step name. If one was found, render the requested # form. (This makes stepping back a lot easier). wizard_goto_step = self.request.POST.get('wizard_goto_step', None) if wizard_goto_step and wizard_goto_step in self.get_form_list(): return self.render_goto_step(wizard_goto_step) # Check if form was refreshed management_form = ManagementForm(self.request.POST, prefix=self.prefix) if not management_form.is_valid(): raise SuspiciousOperation(_('ManagementForm data is missing or has been tampered.')) form_current_step = management_form.cleaned_data['current_step'] if (form_current_step != self.steps.current and is not None): # form refreshed, change current step = form_current_step # get the form for the current step form = self.get_form(data=self.request.POST, files=self.request.FILES) # and try to validate if form.is_valid(): # if the form is valid, store the cleaned data and files., self.process_step(form)), self.process_step_files(form)) # check if the current step is the last step if self.steps.current == self.steps.last: # no more steps, render done view return self.render_done(form, **kwargs) else: # proceed to the next step return self.render_next_step(form) return self.render(form) def render_next_step(self, form, **kwargs): """ This method gets called when the next step/form should be rendered. `form` contains the last/current form. """ # get the form instance based on the data from the storage backend # (if available). next_step = new_form = self.get_form( next_step,,, ) # change the stored current step = next_step return self.render(new_form, **kwargs)
[docs] def render_goto_step(self, goto_step, **kwargs): """ This method gets called when the current step has to be changed. `goto_step` contains the requested step to go to. """ = goto_step form = self.get_form(, return self.render(form, **kwargs)
def render_done(self, form, **kwargs): """ This method gets called when all forms passed. The method should also re-validate all steps to prevent manipulation. If any form fails to validate, `render_revalidation_failure` should get called. If everything is fine call `done`. """ final_forms = OrderedDict() # walk through the form list and try to validate the data again. for form_key in self.get_form_list(): form_obj = self.get_form( step=form_key,, ) if not form_obj.is_valid(): return self.render_revalidation_failure(form_key, form_obj, **kwargs) final_forms[form_key] = form_obj # render the done view and reset the wizard before returning the # response. This is needed to prevent from rendering done with the # same data twice. done_response = self.done(list(final_forms.values()), form_dict=final_forms, **kwargs) return done_response
[docs] def get_form_prefix(self, step=None, form=None): """ Returns the prefix which will be used when calling the actual form for the given step. `step` contains the step-name, `form` the form which will be called with the returned prefix. If no step is given, the form_prefix will determine the current step automatically. """ if step is None: step = self.steps.current return str(step)
[docs] def get_form_initial(self, step): """ Returns a dictionary which will be passed to the form for `step` as `initial`. If no initial data was provided while initializing the form wizard, an empty dictionary will be returned. """ return self.initial_dict.get(step, {})
[docs] def get_form_instance(self, step): """ Returns an object which will be passed to the form for `step` as `instance`. If no instance object was provided while initializing the form wizard, None will be returned. """ return self.instance_dict.get(step, None)
[docs] def get_form_kwargs(self, step=None): """ Returns the keyword arguments for instantiating the form (or formset) on the given step. """ return {}
[docs] def get_form(self, step=None, data=None, files=None): """ Constructs the form for a given `step`. If no `step` is defined, the current step will be determined automatically. The form will be initialized using the `data` argument to prefill the new form. If needed, instance or queryset (for `ModelForm` or `ModelFormSet`) will be added too. """ if step is None: step = self.steps.current form_class = self.get_form_list()[step] # prepare the kwargs for the form instance. kwargs = self.get_form_kwargs(step) kwargs.update({ 'data': data, 'files': files, 'prefix': self.get_form_prefix(step, form_class), 'initial': self.get_form_initial(step), }) if issubclass(form_class, (forms.ModelForm, forms.models.BaseInlineFormSet)): # If the form is based on ModelForm or InlineFormSet, # add instance if available and not previously set. kwargs.setdefault('instance', self.get_form_instance(step)) elif issubclass(form_class, forms.models.BaseModelFormSet): # If the form is based on ModelFormSet, add queryset if available # and not previous set. kwargs.setdefault('queryset', self.get_form_instance(step)) return form_class(**kwargs)
[docs] def process_step(self, form): """ This method is used to postprocess the form data. By default, it returns the raw `` dictionary. """ return self.get_form_step_data(form)
[docs] def process_step_files(self, form): """ This method is used to postprocess the form files. By default, it returns the raw `form.files` dictionary. """ return self.get_form_step_files(form)
[docs] def render_revalidation_failure(self, step, form, **kwargs): """ Gets called when a form doesn't validate when rendering the done view. By default, it changes the current step to failing forms step and renders the form. """ = step return self.render(form, **kwargs)
[docs] def get_form_step_data(self, form): """ Is used to return the raw form data. You may use this method to manipulate the data. """ return
[docs] def get_form_step_files(self, form): """ Is used to return the raw form files. You may use this method to manipulate the data. """ return form.files
[docs] def get_all_cleaned_data(self): """ Returns a merged dictionary of all step cleaned_data dictionaries. If a step contains a `FormSet`, the key will be prefixed with 'formset-' and contain a list of the formset cleaned_data dictionaries. """ cleaned_data = {} for form_key in self.get_form_list(): form_obj = self.get_form( step=form_key,, ) if form_obj.is_valid(): if isinstance(form_obj.cleaned_data, (tuple, list)): cleaned_data.update({ 'formset-%s' % form_key: form_obj.cleaned_data }) else: cleaned_data.update(form_obj.cleaned_data) return cleaned_data
[docs] def get_cleaned_data_for_step(self, step): """ Returns the cleaned data for a given `step`. Before returning the cleaned data, the stored values are revalidated through the form. If the data doesn't validate, None will be returned. """ if step in self.form_list: form_obj = self.get_form( step=step,,, ) if form_obj.is_valid(): return form_obj.cleaned_data return None
def get_next_step(self, step=None): """ Returns the next step after the given `step`. If no more steps are available, None will be returned. If the `step` argument is None, the current step will be determined automatically. If the `step` is not in the current list of steps, the first step will be returned. """ if step is None: step = self.steps.current form_list = self.get_form_list() keys = list(form_list.keys()) if step not in keys: return self.steps.first key = keys.index(step) + 1 if len(keys) > key: return keys[key] return None def get_prev_step(self, step=None): """ Returns the previous step before the given `step`. If there are no steps available, None will be returned. If the `step` argument is None, the current step will be determined automatically. If the `step` is not in the current list of steps, None will be returned. """ if step is None: step = self.steps.current form_list = self.get_form_list() keys = list(form_list.keys()) if step not in keys: return None key = keys.index(step) - 1 if key >= 0: return keys[key] return None def get_step_index(self, step=None): """ Returns the index for the given `step` name. If no step is given, the current step will be used to get the index. If the current step is not in the current list of steps, None will be returned. """ if step is None: step = self.steps.current keys = list(self.get_form_list().keys()) if step in keys: return keys.index(step) return None
[docs] def get_context_data(self, form, **kwargs): """ Returns the template context for a step. You can overwrite this method to add more data for all or some steps. This method returns a dictionary containing the rendered form step. Available template context variables are: * all extra data stored in the storage backend * `wizard` - a dictionary representation of the wizard instance Example:: class MyWizard(WizardView): def get_context_data(self, form, **kwargs): context = super().get_context_data(form=form, **kwargs) if self.steps.current == 'my_step_name': context.update({'another_var': True}) return context """ context = super().get_context_data(form=form, **kwargs) context.update( context['wizard'] = { 'form': form, 'steps': self.steps, 'management_form': ManagementForm(prefix=self.prefix, initial={ 'current_step': self.steps.current, }), } return context
[docs] def render(self, form=None, **kwargs): """ Returns a ``HttpResponse`` containing all needed context data. """ form = form or self.get_form() context = self.get_context_data(form=form, **kwargs) return self.render_to_response(context)
[docs] def done(self, form_list, **kwargs): """ This method must be overridden by a subclass to process to form data after processing all steps. """ raise NotImplementedError( "Your %s class has not defined a done() method, which is required." % self.__class__.__name__ )
[docs]class SessionWizardView(WizardView): """ A WizardView with pre-configured SessionStorage backend. """ storage_name = ''
[docs]class CookieWizardView(WizardView): """ A WizardView with pre-configured CookieStorage backend. """ storage_name = ''
[docs]class NamedUrlWizardView(WizardView): """ A WizardView with URL named steps support. """ url_name = None done_step_name = None @classmethod def get_initkwargs(cls, *args, **kwargs): """ We require a url_name to reverse URLs later. Additionally users can pass a done_step_name to change the URL name of the "done" view. """ assert 'url_name' in kwargs, 'URL name is needed to resolve correct wizard URLs' extra_kwargs = { 'done_step_name': kwargs.pop('done_step_name', 'done'), 'url_name': kwargs.pop('url_name'), } initkwargs = super().get_initkwargs(*args, **kwargs) initkwargs.update(extra_kwargs) assert initkwargs['done_step_name'] not in initkwargs['form_list'], \ 'step name "%s" is reserved for "done" view' % initkwargs['done_step_name'] return initkwargs
[docs] def get_step_url(self, step): return reverse(self.url_name, kwargs={'step': step})
def get(self, *args, **kwargs): """ This renders the form or, if needed, does the http redirects. """ step_url = kwargs.get('step', None) if step_url is None: if 'reset' in self.request.GET: = self.steps.first if self.request.GET: query_string = "?%s" % self.request.GET.urlencode() else: query_string = "" return redirect(self.get_step_url(self.steps.current) + query_string) # is the current step the "done" name/view? elif step_url == self.done_step_name: last_step = self.steps.last form = self.get_form( step=last_step,,, ) return self.render_done(form, **kwargs) # is the url step name not equal to the step in the storage? # if yes, change the step in the storage (if name exists) elif step_url == self.steps.current: # URL step name and storage step name are equal, render! form = self.get_form(,, ) return self.render(form, **kwargs) elif step_url in self.get_form_list(): = step_url return self.render( self.get_form(,, ), **kwargs ) # invalid step name, reset to first and redirect. else: = self.steps.first return redirect(self.get_step_url(self.steps.first)) def post(self, *args, **kwargs): """ Do a redirect if user presses the prev. step button. The rest of this is super'd from WizardView. """ wizard_goto_step = self.request.POST.get('wizard_goto_step', None) if wizard_goto_step and wizard_goto_step in self.get_form_list(): return self.render_goto_step(wizard_goto_step) return super().post(*args, **kwargs) def get_context_data(self, form, **kwargs): """ NamedUrlWizardView provides the url_name of this wizard in the context dict `wizard`. """ context = super().get_context_data(form=form, **kwargs) context['wizard']['url_name'] = self.url_name return context def render_next_step(self, form, **kwargs): """ When using the NamedUrlWizardView, we have to redirect to update the browser's URL to match the shown step. """ next_step = self.get_next_step() = next_step return redirect(self.get_step_url(next_step)) def render_goto_step(self, goto_step, **kwargs): """ This method gets called when the current step has to be changed. `goto_step` contains the requested step to go to. """ = goto_step return redirect(self.get_step_url(goto_step)) def render_revalidation_failure(self, failed_step, form, **kwargs): """ When a step fails, we have to redirect the user to the first failing step. """ = failed_step return redirect(self.get_step_url(failed_step)) def render_done(self, form, **kwargs): """ When rendering the done view, we have to redirect first (if the URL name doesn't fit). """ if kwargs.get('step', None) != self.done_step_name: return redirect(self.get_step_url(self.done_step_name)) return super().render_done(form, **kwargs)
[docs]class NamedUrlSessionWizardView(NamedUrlWizardView): """ A NamedUrlWizardView with pre-configured SessionStorage backend. """ storage_name = ''
[docs]class NamedUrlCookieWizardView(NamedUrlWizardView): """ A NamedUrlFormWizard with pre-configured CookieStorageBackend. """ storage_name = ''